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I. China Statistical Yearbook 2009 is an annual statistical publication, which reflects comprehensively the economic and social development of China. It covers data for 2008 and key statistical data in the most recent thirty years and some historically important years at the national level and the local levels of province, autonomous region and municipality directly under the Central Government.II. The Yearbook contains twenty-four chapters : l. General Survey; 2. National Accounts; 3. Population; 4. Employment and Wages; 5. Investment in Fixed Assets; 6. Energy; 7. Government Finance; 8. Price Indices; 9. People’s Living Conditions; 10. General Survey of Cities; 11. Resources and Environment; 12. Agriculture; 13. Industry; 14. Construction; 15. Transport, Postal and Telecommunication Services; 16. Domestic Trade; 17. Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation; 18. Tourism; 19. Financial Intermediation; 20. Education, Science and Technology; 21.Culture, Sports and Public Health; 22. Other Social Activities; 23. Main Social and Economic Indicators of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (SAR); 24. Main Social and Economic Indicators of Macao Special Administrative Region (SAR). Two chapters listed as Appendices are Main Social and Economic Indicators of Taiwan Province and A Comparison of Indicators of Economy and Society among the People’s Republic of China and Other Countries/Areas. To facilitate readers, the Brief Introduction at the beginning of each chapter provides a summary of the main contents of the chapter, data sources, statistical scope, statistical methods and historical changes. At the end of each chapter, Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators are included.III. The national data in this book do not include those of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, the Macao Special Administrative Region and the Taiwan Province, except for the divisions of administrative areas, the area of the national territory and forest resources.IV. In accordance with the principles set down in the Basic Law of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, and the Basic Law of Macao Special Administrative Region, statistically Hong Kong, Macao and the mainland of China are three mutually independent regions, each following its own and different statistical systems and legal provisions in conducting statistical operations independently. Statistics on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region as included in this yearbook are provided by the Census and Statistics Department of the Government of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Statistics and Census Services of the Government of Macao Special Administrative Region respectively; and are edited by the National Bureau of Statistics. V. In comparison with China Statistical Yearbook 2008, following revisions have been made in this new version in terms of the statistical contents and in editing:1. Since the data of the Second National Economic Census are still under review and accumulation, GDP data in the chapter of National Accounts are preliminary GDP data; Data of the year 2008 in the chapter of Energy are not available. 2. In the chapter of General Survey, data on divisions of administrative areas below county level. 3. In the chapter of Population, data on total population and its proportion grouped by age since 1996 are added. 4. In the chapter of Resources and Environment, data on two evaluation indicators of COD and SO2 by region are added. 5. In the chapter of Construction, data on Project Bidding Agencies, Personnel and Revenue are added. 6. In the chapter of Culture, Sports and Public Health, there are large revisions because of the change in statistical method and regulations for departmental statistics. The grouping of public television and pay-TV and the imports and exports of TV programs are added; and data on the cultural industry and the radio & TV industry by region, three levels of rural health service network, and urban community health service system building are also added.7. In the chapter of Other Social Activities, the data on social organization and Grass Roots Autonomy Organizations are added.VI. The units of measurement used in this yearbook are internationally standard measurement units.VII. Statistical discrepancies on totals and relative figures due to rounding are not adjusted in the Yearbook.VIII. Notations used in the yearbook：(blank space) indicates that the figure is not large enough to be measured with the smallest unit in the table, or data are unknown, or are not available; “#” indicates a major breakdown of the total; and “*”or “①”indicates footnotes at the end of the table.